Monday, December 30, 2013

A collision between two trains caused a freight train carrying crude oil to derail in North Dakota on Monday afternoon, triggering an explosion and sending flames shooting more than 100 feet into the air. No injuries were immediately reported. - NBC News Texas judge claims he dragged girlfriend by hair, strangled her to ‘save her life’ | The Raw Story
www.rawstory.com
A Texas county judge was arrested last week after he was accused of dragging his girlfriend by her hair and strangling her  but he c

Rightwing biblical illiterates would be shocked by Jesus’ teachings if they ever picked up a Bible
www.rawstory.com
Fox News’ Bill O’Reilly defended the Republican Party’s spending cuts for SNAP by effectively declaring Jesus would not support food stamps for the poor because most them are drug addicts. If his insensitive remark is inconsistent with Scripture, which it is, then the question becomes why do talking...

    Chris Jamieson Moral Majority always shied away from the Gospels. In defending the Duck clown, Bill O made a passing remark about Luke, but didn't get into the passage. Because if he did, there's no way he could interpret it. Completely ambiguous, nearly indecipherable.

Surrender

Dolphins ‘deliberately get high’ on puffer fish nerve toxins by carefully chewing and passing...
www.independent.co.uk
Dolphins are thought of as one of the most intelligent species in the animal kingdom and experts believe they have put their ingenuity to use in the pursuit of getting “high”.ObamaCare enrollment tops 1M
thehill.com
More than 1.1 million people enrolled in ObamaCare before a December 24 deadline for consumers seeking healthcare plans that begin Jan. 1, the Obama administration said early Sunday.Duck Dynasty star: Girls should carry a Bible, cook and marry ‘when they are 15′ | The Raw Story
rawstory.com
Recently uncovered video indicates that Duck Dynasty star Phil Robertson may have fringe views other than those on homosexuality and civil rights
Duck Dynasty star: Girls should carry a Bible, cook and marry ‘when they are 15′ | The Raw Story
www.rawstory.com
Recently uncovered video indicates that Duck Dynasty star Phil Robertson may have fringe views — other than those on homosexuality and civil rights  that most Americans would find far outside the

Saturday, December 28, 2013

“At least the bus driver, who ordered Rosa Parks to surrender her seat to a white person, was following state law,” Mr. Jackson said in a release by the the Rainbow PUSH Coalition. “Robertson’s statements were uttered freely and openly without cover of the law, within a context of what he seemed to believe was ‘white privilege.’”


A&E announced the network will resume filming 'Duck Dynasty.' The channel said that it would “also use this moment” to broadcast public service announcements “promoting unity, tolerance and acceptance among all people.”

Freedom of speech doesn't mean freedom from consequences.

Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas, it doesnt mean "offense principle", for example, or hate speech.

Conservatives think people should be held responsible for their actions (Bashir) until one of their own, like Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson, has to pay a price for their bigoted views. At Fox News, "Christianity" Is A Free Pass For Homophobia

Cynical network puts money over principle with ‘Duck Dynasty’
www.washingtontimes.com
Cable network A&E may not like what “Duck Dynasty” patriarch Phil Robertson said about gays, but the network enjoys making a lot of money off of his every word ...
“At least the bus driver, who ordered Rosa Parks to surrender her seat to a white person, was following state law,” Mr. Jackson said in a release by the the Rainbow PUSH Coalition. “Robertson’s statements were uttered freely and openly without cover of the law, within a context of what he seemed to believe was ‘white privilege.’”
“At least the bus driver, who ordered Rosa Parks to surrender her seat to a white person, was following state law,” Mr. Jackson said in a release by the the Rainbow PUSH Coalition. “Robertson’s statements were uttered freely and openly without cover of the law, within a context of what he seemed to believe was ‘white privilege.’”
Jesse Jackson is a racist, why do you endorse his hateful words?
  •  He is right, the bus driver was following state law

    • Michael J. Dundee No, Jackson is a bigot who tries to spread hate between races.

      Michael J. Dundee Martin Luther King would have never said it.
       But at least he is right in this particular issue



Actually the NSA started under Harry Truman. The Patriot Act started under Bush, and has allowed the NSA to grow substantially under Bush and Obama. The name Patriot Act is a bit ironic, since both Bush and Obama are a pair of unpatriotic fools.Freedom of speech doesn't mean freedom from consequences.

Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas, it doesnt mean "offense principle", for example, or hate speech.

The ‘Duck Dynasty’ Hypocrites

thebea.st

Conservatives think people should be held responsible for their actions (Bashir) until one of their own, like Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson, has to pay a price for their bigoted views. At Fox News, "Christianity" Is A Free Pass For Homophobia
“At least the bus driver, who ordered Rosa Parks to surrender her seat to a white person, was following state law,” Mr. Jackson said in a release by the the Rainbow PUSH Coalition. “Robertson’s statements were uttered freely and openly without cover of the law, within a context of what he seemed to believe was ‘white privilege.’”
 And 800 milllion people without food on earth


    JoAnn Rohmann space exploration has actually helped us in many ways..it's not just a fun thing to do, it has brought us many advancements in products, and has actually helped in how we do things here on Earth...a lot more than just having war after war with no way to pay for it and no real reason to be fighting in the first place'
    It helped NSA too
   
    Lois Matelan If you have ever bought anything that was not an absolute necessity for continuing to live, then I do not believe it is reasonable for you to criticize the allocation of a VERY small portion of the U.S. budget to space exploration. When we cease to explore and learn, we cease being human. Moreover, it is quite possible that knowledge gained from the space program will result in saving humanity from extinction caused by collision with an asteroid.

   It is a very remote possibility Our biggest threat is not an asteroid about to crash into us, something we can do nothing about. Instead, all the major threats facing us today are problems entirely of our own making. And since we made the problems, we can also solve the problems.
   42 million people without HC
  To the players in Abscam, the real-life ‘American Hustle,’ the bribes now seem quaint
www.washingtonpost.com
The actual Abscam scandal wouldn’t make a great movie, the players say, and the scam seems almost quaintNúmero de mortes causadas pela chuva em Minas Gerais chega a 21, segundo a Defesa Civil.

Quase 10 mil pessoas tiveram de deixar suas casas: http://bit.ly/1buBk4Q35
A&E Says We Must be Tolerant of Hate But Not of Gays, Gives Robertson his Job Back
www.politicususa.com
By caving in to hate groups A&E has sent a clear message that haters are to be tolerated, but not those who are the victims of that hate.i have no problem if they fry him in the electric chairThe four U.S. military personnel being held in Libyan government custody have been released, a U.S. Defense Department official says: http://cnn.it/1eKstUEA Japanese governor has approved a measure to allow for the relocation of a controversial U.S. military base on Okinawa, breaking 17 years of stagnation on the base's transfer plan. http://cnn.it/19mM5X8
 Atheists for Jesus

By RICHARD DAWKINS - WWW.RICHARDDAWKINS.NET
Added: Mon, 10 Apr 2006 23:00:00 UTC

atheists for jesus shirtThe argument, like a good recipe, needs to be built up gradually, with the ingredients mustered in advance. First, the apparently oxymoronic title. In a society where the majority of theists are at least nominally Christian, the two words are treated as near synonyms. Bertrand Russell's famous advocacy of atheism was called Why I am not a Christian rather than, as it probably should have been, Why I am not a theist. All Christians are theists, it seems to go without saying.

Of course Jesus was a theist, but that is the least interesting thing about him. He was a theist because, in his time, everybody was. Atheism was not an option, even for so radical a thinker as Jesus. What was interesting and remarkable about Jesus was not the obvious fact that he believed in the God of his Jewish religion, but that he rebelled against many aspects of Yahweh's vengeful nastiness. At least in the teachings that are attributed to him, he publicly advocated niceness and was one of the first to do so. To those steeped in the Sharia-like cruelties of Leviticus and Deuteronomy; to those brought up to fear the vindictive, Ayatollah-like God of Abraham and Isaac, a charismatic young preacher who advocated generous forgiveness must have seemed radical to the point of subversion. No wonder they nailed him.

"Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you."
My second ingredient is another paradox, which begins in my own field of Darwinism. Natural selection is a deeply nasty process. Darwin himself remarked,

"What a book a devil's chaplain might write on the clumsy, wasteful, blundering low and horridly cruel works of nature."

It was not just the facts of nature, among which he singled out the larvae of Ichneumon wasps and their habit of feeding within the bodies of live caterpillars. The theory of natural selection itself seems calculated to foster selfishness at the expense of public good, violence, callous indifference to suffering, short term greed at the expense of long term foresight. If scientific theories could vote, evolution would surely vote Republican. My paradox comes from the un-Darwinian fact, which any of us can observe in our own circle of acquaintances, that so many individual people are kind, generous, helpful, compassionate, nice: the sort of people of whom we say, "She's a real saint." Or, "He's a true Good Samaritan."

We all know people (is it significant that the ones I can think of are mostly women?) to whom we can sincerely say: "If only everybody were like you, the world's troubles would melt away." The milk of human kindness is only a metaphor but, naïve as it sounds, I contemplate some of my friends and I feel like trying to bottle whatever it is that makes them so kind, so selfless, so apparently un-Darwinian.

Darwinians can come up with explanations for human niceness: generalisations of the well-established models of kin selection and reciprocal altruism, the stocks-in-trade of the 'selfish gene' theory, which sets out to explain how altruism and cooperation among individual animals can stem from self-interest at the genetic level. But the sort of super niceness I am talking about in humans goes too far. It is a misfiring, even a perversion of the Darwinian take on niceness. Well, if that's a perversion, it's the kind of perversion we need to encourage and spread.

Human super niceness is a perversion of Darwinism because, in a wild population, it would be removed by natural selection. It is also, although I haven't the space to go into detail about this third ingredient of my recipe, an apparent perversion of the sort of rational choice theory by which economists explain human behaviour as calculated to maximize self-interest.

Let's put it even more bluntly. From a rational choice point of view, or from a Darwinian point of view, human super niceness is just plain dumb. And yes, it is the kind of dumb that should be encouraged - which is the purpose of my article. How can we do it? How shall we take the minority of super nice humans that we all know, and increase their number, perhaps until they even become a majority in the population? Could super niceness be induced to spread like an epidemic? Could super niceness be packaged in such a form that it passes down the generations in swelling traditions of longitudinal propagation?

Well, do we know of any comparable examples, where stupid ideas have been known to spread like an epidemic? Yes, by God! Religion. Religious beliefs are irrational. Religious beliefs are dumb and dumber: super dumb. Religion drives otherwise sensible people into celibate monasteries, or crashing into New York skyscrapers. Religion motivates people to whip their own backs, to set fire to themselves or their daughters, to denounce their own grandmothers as witches, or, in less extreme cases, simply to stand or kneel, week after week, through ceremonies of stupefying boredom. If people can be infected with such self-harming stupidity, infecting them with niceness should be childsplay.

Religious beliefs most certainly spread in epidemics and, even more obviously, they pass down the generations to form longitudinal traditions and promote enclaves of locally peculiar irrationality. We may not understand why humans behave in the weird ways we label religious, but it is a manifest fact that they do. The existence of religion is evidence that humans eagerly adopt irrational beliefs and spread them, both longitudinally in traditions and horizontally in epidemics of evangelism. Could this susceptibility, this palpable vulnerability to infections of irrationality be put to genuinely good use?

Humans undoubtedly have a strong tendency to learn from and copy admired role models. Under propitious circumstances, the epidemiological consequences can be dramatic. The hairstyle of a footballer, the dress sense of a singer, the speech mannerisms of a game show host, such trivial idiosyncrasies can spread through a susceptible age cohort like a virus. The advertising industry is professionally dedicated to the science - or it may be an art - of launching memetic epidemics and nurturing their spread. Christianity itself was spread by the equivalents of such techniques, originally by St Paul and later by priests and missionaries who systematically set out to increase the numbers of converts in what turned out to be exponential growth. Could we achieve exponential amplification of the numbers of super nice people?

This week I had a public conversation in Edinburgh with Richard Holloway, former Bishop of that beautiful city. Bishop Holloway has evidently outgrown the supernaturalism which most Christians still identify with their religion (he describes himself as post-Christian and as a 'recovering Christian'). He retains a reverence for the poetry of religious myth, which is enough to keep him going to church. And in the course of our Edinburgh discussion he made a suggestion which went straight to my core. Borrowing a poetic myth from the worlds of mathematics and cosmology, he described humanity as a 'singularity' in evolution. He meant exactly what I have been talking about in this essay, although he expressed it differently. The advent of human super niceness is something unprecedented in four billion years of evolutionary history. It seems likely that, after the Homo sapiens singularity, evolution may never be the same again.

Be under no illusions, for Bishop Holloway was not. The singularity is a product of blind evolution itself, not the creation of any unevolved intelligence. It resulted from the natural evolution of the human brain which, under the blind forces of natural selection, expanded to the point where, all unforeseen, it over-reached itself and started to behave insanely from the selfish gene's point of view. The most transparently un-Darwinian misfiring is contraception, which divorces sexual pleasure from its natural function of gene-propagation. More subtle over-reachings include intellectual and artistic pursuits which squander, by the selfish genes' lights, time and energy that should be devoted to surviving and reproducing. The big brain achieved the evolutionarily unprecedented feat of genuine foresight: became capable of calculating long-term consequences beyond short-term selfish gain. And, at least in some individuals, the brain over-reached itself to the extent of indulging in that super niceness whose singular existence is the central paradox of my thesis. Big brains can take the driving, goal-seeking mechanisms that were originally favoured for selfish gene reasons, and divert (subvert? pervert?) them away from their Darwinian goals and into other paths.

I am no memetic engineer, and I have very little idea how to increase the numbers of the super nice and spread their memes through the meme pool. The best I can offer is what I hope may be a catchy slogan. 'Atheists for Jesus' would grace a T-shirt. There is no strong reason to choose Jesus as icon, rather than some other role model from the ranks of the super nice such as Mahatma Gandhi (not the odiously self-righteous Mother Teresa, heavens no). I think we owe Jesus the honour of separating his genuinely original and radical ethics from the supernatural nonsense which he inevitably espoused as a man of his time. And perhaps the oxymoronic impact of 'Atheists for Jesus' might be just what is needed to kick start the meme of super niceness in a post-Christian society. If we play our cards right - could we lead society away from the nether regions of its Darwinian origins into kinder and more compassionate uplands of post-singularity enlightenment?

I think a reborn Jesus would wear the T-shirt. It has become a commonplace that, were he to return today, he would be appalled at what is being done in his name, by Christians ranging from the Catholic Church to the fundamentalist Religious Right. Less obviously but still plausibly, in the light of modern scientific knowledge I think he would see through supernaturalist obscurantism. But of course, modesty would compel him to turn his T-shirt around: Jesus for Atheists.
The documents also included descriptions of the moments when police told anxious parents that their children were among the victims of the nightmare.

One report detailed how cops returned a black Guess jacket to the family of hero teacher Victoria Soto, who died protecting her first-graders.

Other pictures showed the killer’s arsenal of guns and exotic knives, including three samurai swords.

The weapon he used to kill his mother in her sleep was found on the master-bedroom floor alongside a book titled “Train Your Brain to Get Happy.”

One of Lanza’s former teachers told investigators that Adam exhibited antisocial behavior, rarely interacted with other students and obsessed in writings “about battles, destruction and war.”

“In all my years of experience, I have known (redacted) grade boys to talk about things like this, but Adam’s level of violence was disturbing,” the teacher said. “Adam’s creative writing was so graphic that it could not be shared.”

The report says Lanza was diagnosed with autism in 2006 and that he constantly washed his hands and changed his socks up to 20 times a day.

Lanza’s mother declined to give him antidepressant and anti¬-anxiety medication because she thought it made it difficult for him to raise his arm.

And about two weeks before the massacre, Nancy Lanza told a friend that Adam was increasingly despondent and that he had gone “over the edge” when their house lost power during Hurricane Sandy.

The report also quotes a witness whose name is redacted as saying Adam had a grudge against the school.

“Lanza hated his mother and Sandy Hook,” the witness said.

He had also downloaded videos about Columbine HS killers Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold.

His obsession with murder dated at least to fifth grade, when he wrote the homemade “Big Book of Granny,” in which a character has a gun concealed in her cane that she uses to shoot people, while another character likes hurting people especially children.

Lanza shot his way into Sandy Hook Elementary at 9:30 a.m. armed with a Bushmaster semiautomatic assault rifle and a Glock 10mm handgun, which he used to commit suicide about five minutes after the carnage began.

An Alabama state lawmaker said Friday he doesn’t agree with Phil Robertson’s choice of words, but will soon introduce a resolution supporting the “Duck Dynasty” star’s freedom to express his own opinions.
Alabama pol’s resolution for ‘Duck Dynasty’ star
www.politico.com
An Alabama state lawmaker said Friday he doesn’t agree with Phil Robertson’s choice of words, but will soon introduce a resolution supporting the “Duck Dynasty” star’s freedom to express his own opinions. “I think that we need to get out and be supportive of peopl...
regulamento stjd dieito


Friday, December 27, 2013

Jesus was a dark brown skinned Indo Aryan
Jesus was ethnically Jewish, so He likely had light to dark brown skin, brown eyes, and dark brown or black hair. And he was a liberal progressive
Saint Nicholas was a historic 4th century Christian saint and Greek Bishop of Myra in Lycia. Because of the many miracles attributed to his intercession, he is also known as Nikolaos the Wonderworker. He had a reputation for secret gift giving, such as putting coins in the shoes of those who left them out for him, and thus became the model for Santa Claus, whose modern name comes from the Dutch Sinterklaas, itself from a series of elisions and corruptions of the transliteration of "Saint Nikolaos"
 Church is against the so called free market and libertarianism, thats why Rush called him a Marxist
Reaganomics is wrong ! Conservative principle : Privatizing profits socializing losses dont tax them. 3 trillion dollars in tax cuts means HC for corporations and 6 trillion dollars in two illegal wars, statism.


Freedom of speech doesn't mean freedom from consequences.
Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas, it doesnt mean "offense principle", for example, or hate speech.
The ‘Duck Dynasty’ Hypocrites
thebea.st
Conservatives think people should be held responsible for their actions (Bashir) until one of their own, like Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson, has to pay a price for their bigoted views. At Fox News, "Christianity" Is A Free Pass For Homophobia

 I don't think Snowden was heroic. If we wants to be respected, he should have blown the whistle and stayed here to take the consequences. Heroes don't run off to save themselves from the repercussions of their actions. W

    Chuck Blackburn He tried to go through channels and that failed. Read his interview. Don't be so quick to judge without the facts.


That's like choosing between getting kicked in the head, or the gut.

Beauty and the Beast

Thursday, December 26, 2013

See I don't think Snowden was heroic. If we wants to be respected, he should have blown the whistle and stayed here to take the consequences. Heroes don't run off to save themselves from the repercussions of their actions.
"True peace is not a balance of opposing forces. It is not a lovely 'façade' which conceals conflicts and divisions. Peace calls for daily commitment, starting from God’s gift, from the grace which he has given us in Jesus Christ," Pope Francis said on December 25 from the loggia of St. Peter's square. Jesus is the 'meaning of life and history,' Pope preaches on Christmas  “We want to bring the Gospel to people. The humanity which all of us share and the recognition of who God is,” Father Croell stressed, “is what we want to witness to.”Pope Francis said St. Joseph “was following a good life plan, but God had kept a different design for him, a greater mission. Joseph was a man who always listened to the voice of God, profoundly amenable to God’s secret will, a man attentive to the messages that came from the depths of the heart and from above.” “Dear young people, Jesus loves you, he wants to be your friend, he wants to be the friend of all young people,” the Pope said Dec. 20. “If you are convinced of this, surely you know to spread the joy of this friendship to all: at home, in the parish, at school, with your friends.”
"Of course Jesus was a theist, but that is the least interesting thing about him. He was a theist because, in his time, everybody was. Atheism was not an option, even for so radical a thinker as Jesus. What was interesting and remarkable about Jesus was not the obvious fact that he believed in the God of his Jewish religion, but that he rebelled against many aspects of Yahweh's vengeful nastiness. At least in the teachings that are attributed to him, he publicly advocated niceness and was one of the first to do so. To those steeped in the Sharia-like cruelties of Leviticus and Deuteronomy; to those brought up to fear the vindictive, Ayatollah-like God of Abraham and Isaac, a charismatic young preacher who advocated generous forgiveness must have seemed radical to the point of subversion. No wonder they nailed him.

"Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you." Dawkins

Tuesday, December 24, 2013

.Jesus is the 'meaning of life and history,' Pope preaches on Christmas Pope Francis' very first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff! What a special, iconic evening!Freedom of speech doesn't mean freedom from consequences.
Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas, it doesnt mean "offense principle", for example, or hate speech.
Conservatives think people should be held responsible for their actions (Bashir) until one of their own, like Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson, has to pay a price for their bigoted views. At Fox News, "Christianity" Is A Free Pass For Homophobia
Jesus is the 'meaning of life and history,' Pope preaches on ChristmasPope Francis' very first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff! What a special, iconic evening!  Live English language commentary of the Christmas Eve Mass of Pope Francis will begin in just a few minutes!Pope Francis delivers his first Christmas homily
May your Christmas eve be happy and hopeful as we await the celebration of the birth of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ!
"If we love God and our brothers and sisters, we walk in the light; but if our heart is closed, if we are dominated by pride, deceit, self-seeking, then darkness falls within us and around us," the pontiff said.

Read more: http://nbcnews.to/1jG7W5P
Photo: AP2013 Christmas Homily of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
en.lpj.org
BETHLEHEM  Here below is the homily of His Beatitude F…
Jesus is the 'meaning of life and history,' Pope preaches on Christmas Pope Francis' very first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff!
"If we love God and our brothers and sisters, we walk in the light; but if our heart is closed, if we are dominated by pride, deceit, selfseeking, then darkness falls within us and around us," the pontiff said.
Francis celebrates first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff
www.cbsnews.com
Pope Francis places baby Jesus statue in manger replica during public mass at St. Peter's BasilicaPope Francis has begun celebrating his first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff by placing a baby Jesus statue in a replica of a manger in St. Peter's Basilica.Jesus is the 'meaning of life and history,' Pope preaches on ChristmasPope Francis' very first Christmas Eve Mass as pontiff! What a special, iconic evening
He's happy in heaven and free from pain.
Too little, too late.A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my. “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another.  By this everyone will know that you are my disciples"Atheism is an intellectual luxury for the wealthy | The Raw Story
rawstory.com
They prayed whenever they could find 15 minutes. “Preacher Man”, as we called him, would read from the Bible with his tiny round glasses. It was the only book he had ever read. A dozen or so others would listen, silently praying http://old.richarddawkins.net/articles/20-atheists-for-jesusNorth Korean leader 'was very drunk' when ordering executions
independent.co.uk
The North Korean leader Kim Jong-un was "very drunk" when he ordered the recent execution of two aides close to his uncle Jang Song-thaek, reports say. abrita bridi'The Wolf of Wall Street' orgy scene exposed: http://nyp.st/1jCRYcA
My ‘orgy’ with Leonardo DiCaprio
nyp.st
New York model and actress Maria Di Angelis, who has appeared on TV shows such as “The Good Wife” and “Law and Order: SVU”  and was cast as Julia…'The Wolf of Wall Street' orgy scene exposed: http://nyp.st/1jCRYcA
My ‘orgy’ with Leonardo DiCaprio
nyp.stThe weapon, he said, was designed to protect his motherland, in other words USSR
New York model and actress Maria Di Angelis, who has appeared on TV shows such as “The Good Wife” and “Law and Order: SVU”  and was cast as Julia…Enigma codebreaker Alan Turing receives royal pardon
t.gu.com
Mathematician lost his job and was given experimental 'chemical castration' after being convicted for homosexual activity in 195"...12 percent of adults think Joan of Arc was Noah’s wife; and nearly 50 percent of high school seniors think Sodom and Gomorrah were a married couple."
The Right-Wing Is Filled with Biblical Illiterates Who'd Be Shocked by the Teachings of Jesus
www.alternet.org
Bill O'Reilly suggesting Jesus would not support food stamps is preposterous—and that's just the tip of the conservative iceberg.ISRAELI PM Netanyahu bitch slaps Arab MK who tells Knesset: “Jews are the enemy of peace” and “We were here before you and we’ll be here after you”
Well, what do you expect? That’s what you get for allowing Arabs a voice in the Israeli government.

knesset-300x199Algemeiner  A meeting at Israel’s Knesset Wednesday turned raucous after Arab Israeli MK Jamal Zahalka (Balad) made the comments during a debate on a referendum bill aimed to ensure Israelis will have a right to vote on any final status agreement with the Palestinian Authority. Zahalka said that the bill was irrelevant because it referred to “occupied territory, and as such, what applies is international law; the referendum should apply to the nations of the world.”

The comment was jeered at by MKs in the Knesset, to which Zahalka responded: “You’re an enemy of peace. We were here before you, and we’ll be here after you.”
Freedom of speech doesn't mean freedom from consequences.
Freedom of speech is the political right to communicate one's opinions and ideas, it doesnt mean "offense principle", for example, or hate speech.
The ‘Duck Dynasty’ Hypocrites
thebea.st
Conservatives think people should be held responsible for their actions (BASHIR FOR EXAMPLE) until one of their own, like Duck Dynasty’s Phil Robertson, has to pay a price for their bigoted views. At Fox News, "Christianity" Is A Free Pass For Homophobia

Dorie Jackson No country in the world is more obsessed with homosexuality than America.

    Enigma codebreaker Alan Turing receives royal pardon
    t.gu.com
    Mathematician lost his job and was given experimental 'chemical castration' after being convicted for homosexual activity in 195
    Nearly Three Out of Four Americans View the ‘Liberal, Marxist’ Pope Favorably
    www.politicususa.com
    A new poll released on Christmas Eve found that nearly three in four view Pope Francis favorably and 85% of Catholics don't think he's too
    PoliticusUSA
    www.politicususa.com
    Real Liberal Politics
    https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151782161536680&set=a.62440786679.82359.62317591679&type=1&theater
    Why They Mattered
    Remembering 17 politicos who died in 2013
    http://politi.co/198p3GC
    Photo: Why They Mattered Remembering 17 politicos who died in 2013 http://politi.co/198p3GC
    Mikhail Kalashnikov, inventor of AK-47, dies at 94
    www.washingtonpost.com
    Former Red Army sergeant invented one of the world’s most ubiquitous  and deadly firearms.
    Write a comme
    20 years later: Tonya and Nancy incident still affecting skating
    www.cbsnews.com
    As Sochi Winter Olympics draw near, the knee-whack heard round the world reverberates as turning point in the sport
   
    'Best' of Fox 2013 Tourney: Day 1
    www.dailykos.com
    Screenshot from the #9 seed, which squares off today against the #24 seed So it's that time of year, and we've got a job to do: Selecting the "best" Fox News moment of 2013. The task begins today, ...
    Prosecutors in the Aaron Hernandez case insisted today that no one on their investigative team has leaked information to reporters covering the murder case against the former New England Patriots star. http://bo.st/18IrUrE
    Aaron Hernandez prosecutors insist no one on their team has leaked information - Boston.com
    boston.com
    Prosecutors in the Aaron Hernandez case insisted today that no one on their investigative team has leaked information to reporters covering the murder case against the former New England Patriots star. Prosecutor
   
    Muere a los 94 años el ruso Mikhail Kalashnikov, inventor del rifle AK-47.
    Detalles: http://cnn.it/1jBIdve
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  • Written by Michael Gleghorn

    Evidence from Tacitus


    Although there is overwhelming evidence that the New Testament is an accurate and trustworthy historical document, many people are still reluctant to believe what it says unless there is also some independent, non-biblical testimony that corroborates its statements. In the introduction to one of his books, F.F. Bruce tells about a Christian correspondent who was told by an agnostic friend that "apart from obscure references in Josephus and the like," there was no historical evidence for the life of Jesus outside the Bible.{1} This, he wrote to Bruce, had caused him "great concern and some little upset in [his] spiritual life."{2} He concludes his letter by asking, "Is such collateral proof available, and if not, are there reasons for the lack of it?"{3} The answer to this question is, "Yes, such collateral proof is available," and we will be looking at some of it in this article.

    Let's begin our inquiry with a passage that historian Edwin Yamauchi calls "probably the most important reference to Jesus outside the New Testament."{4} Reporting on Emperor Nero's decision to blame the Christians for the fire that had destroyed Rome in A.D. 64, the Roman historian Tacitus wrote:

    Nero fastened the guilt . . . on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of . . . Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome. . . .{5}

    What all can we learn from this ancient (and rather unsympathetic) reference to Jesus and the early Christians? Notice, first, that Tacitus reports Christians derived their name from a historical person called Christus (from the Latin), or Christ. He is said to have "suffered the extreme penalty," obviously alluding to the Roman method of execution known as crucifixion. This is said to have occurred during the reign of Tiberius and by the sentence of Pontius Pilatus. This confirms much of what the Gospels tell us about the death of Jesus.

    But what are we to make of Tacitus' rather enigmatic statement that Christ's death briefly checked "a most mischievous superstition," which subsequently arose not only in Judaea, but also in Rome? One historian suggests that Tacitus is here "bearing indirect . . . testimony to the conviction of the early church that the Christ who had been crucified had risen from the grave."{6} While this interpretation is admittedly speculative, it does help explain the otherwise bizarre occurrence of a rapidly growing religion based on the worship of a man who had been crucified as a criminal.{7} How else might one explain that?

    Evidence from Pliny the Younger

    Another important source of evidence about Jesus and early Christianity can be found in the letters of Pliny the Younger to Emperor Trajan. Pliny was the Roman governor of Bithynia in Asia Minor. In one of his letters, dated around A.D. 112, he asks Trajan's advice about the appropriate way to conduct legal proceedings against those accused of being Christians.{8} Pliny says that he needed to consult the emperor about this issue because a great multitude of every age, class, and sex stood accused of Christianity.{9}

    At one point in his letter, Pliny relates some of the information he has learned about these Christians:

    They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath, not to any wicked deeds, but never to commit any fraud, theft or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of food but food of an ordinary and innocent kind.{10}

    This passage provides us with a number of interesting insights into the beliefs and practices of early Christians. First, we see that Christians regularly met on a certain fixed day for worship. Second, their worship was directed to Christ, demonstrating that they firmly believed in His divinity. Furthermore, one scholar interprets Pliny's statement that hymns were sung to Christ, as to a god, as a reference to the rather distinctive fact that, "unlike other gods who were worshipped, Christ was a person who had lived on earth."{11} If this interpretation is correct, Pliny understood that Christians were worshipping an actual historical person as God! Of course, this agrees perfectly with the New Testament doctrine that Jesus was both God and man.

    Not only does Pliny's letter help us understand what early Christians believed about Jesus' person, it also reveals the high esteem to which they held His teachings. For instance, Pliny notes that Christians bound themselves by a solemn oath not to violate various moral standards, which find their source in the ethical teachings of Jesus. In addition, Pliny's reference to the Christian custom of sharing a common meal likely alludes to their observance of communion and the "love feast."{12} This interpretation helps explain the Christian claim that the meal was merely food of an ordinary and innocent kind. They were attempting to counter the charge, sometimes made by non-Christians, of practicing "ritual cannibalism."{13} The Christians of that day humbly repudiated such slanderous attacks on Jesus' teachings. We must sometimes do the same today.

    Evidence from Josephus

    Perhaps the most remarkable reference to Jesus outside the Bible can be found in the writings of Josephus, a first century Jewish historian. On two occasions, in his Jewish Antiquities, he mentions Jesus. The second, less revealing, reference describes the condemnation of one "James" by the Jewish Sanhedrin. This James, says Josephus, was "the brother of Jesus the so-called Christ."{14} F.F. Bruce points out how this agrees with Paul's description of James in Galatians 1:19 as "the Lord's brother."{15} And Edwin Yamauchi informs us that "few scholars have questioned" that Josephus actually penned this passage.{16}
    Evidence from the Babylonian Talmud

    There are only a few clear references to Jesus in the Babylonian Talmud, a collection of Jewish rabbinical writings compiled between approximately A.D. 70-500. Given this time frame, it is naturally supposed that ea
    rlier references to Jesus are more likely to be historically reliable than later ones. In the case of the Talmud, the earliest period of compilation occurred between A.D. 70200.{20} The most significant reference to Jesus from this period states:

    On the eve of the Passover Yeshu was hanged. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald . . . cried, "He is going forth to be stoned because he has practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy."{21}



Ancient Evidence for Jesus from Non-Christian SourcesPrintE-mail

Michael Gleghorn
Written by Michael Gleghorn

Evidence from Tacitus

Although there is overwhelming evidence that the New Testament is an accurate and trustworthy historical document, many people are still reluctant to believe what it says unless there is also some independent, non-biblical testimony that corroborates its statements. In the introduction to one of his books, F.F. Bruce tells about a Christian correspondent who was told by an agnostic friend that "apart from obscure references in Josephus and the like," there was no historical evidence for the life of Jesus outside the Bible.{1} This, he wrote to Bruce, had caused him "great concern and some little upset in [his] spiritual life."{2} He concludes his letter by asking, "Is such collateral proof available, and if not, are there reasons for the lack of it?"{3} The answer to this question is, "Yes, such collateral proof is available," and we will be looking at some of it in this article.
Let's begin our inquiry with a passage that historian Edwin Yamauchi calls "probably the most important reference to Jesus outside the New Testament."{4} Reporting on Emperor Nero's decision to blame the Christians for the fire that had destroyed Rome in A.D. 64, the Roman historian Tacitus wrote:
Nero fastened the guilt . . . on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of . . . Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome. . . .{5}
What all can we learn from this ancient (and rather unsympathetic) reference to Jesus and the early Christians? Notice, first, that Tacitus reports Christians derived their name from a historical person called Christus (from the Latin), or Christ. He is said to have "suffered the extreme penalty," obviously alluding to the Roman method of execution known as crucifixion. This is said to have occurred during the reign of Tiberius and by the sentence of Pontius Pilatus. This confirms much of what the Gospels tell us about the death of Jesus.
But what are we to make of Tacitus' rather enigmatic statement that Christ's death briefly checked "a most mischievous superstition," which subsequently arose not only in Judaea, but also in Rome? One historian suggests that Tacitus is here "bearing indirect . . . testimony to the conviction of the early church that the Christ who had been crucified had risen from the grave."{6} While this interpretation is admittedly speculative, it does help explain the otherwise bizarre occurrence of a rapidly growing religion based on the worship of a man who had been crucified as a criminal.{7} How else might one explain that?

Evidence from Pliny the Younger

Another important source of evidence about Jesus and early Christianity can be found in the letters of Pliny the Younger to Emperor Trajan. Pliny was the Roman governor of Bithynia in Asia Minor. In one of his letters, dated around A.D. 112, he asks Trajan's advice about the appropriate way to conduct legal proceedings against those accused of being Christians.{8} Pliny says that he needed to consult the emperor about this issue because a great multitude of every age, class, and sex stood accused of Christianity.{9}
At one point in his letter, Pliny relates some of the information he has learned about these Christians:
They were in the habit of meeting on a certain fixed day before it was light, when they sang in alternate verses a hymn to Christ, as to a god, and bound themselves by a solemn oath, not to any wicked deeds, but never to commit any fraud, theft or adultery, never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust when they should be called upon to deliver it up; after which it was their custom to separate, and then reassemble to partake of food--but food of an ordinary and innocent kind.{10}
This passage provides us with a number of interesting insights into the beliefs and practices of early Christians. First, we see that Christians regularly met on a certain fixed day for worship. Second, their worship was directed to Christ, demonstrating that they firmly believed in His divinity. Furthermore, one scholar interprets Pliny's statement that hymns were sung to Christ, as to a god, as a reference to the rather distinctive fact that, "unlike other gods who were worshipped, Christ was a person who had lived on earth."{11} If this interpretation is correct, Pliny understood that Christians were worshipping an actual historical person as God! Of course, this agrees perfectly with the New Testament doctrine that Jesus was both God and man.
Not only does Pliny's letter help us understand what early Christians believed about Jesus' person, it also reveals the high esteem to which they held His teachings. For instance, Pliny notes that Christians bound themselves by a solemn oath not to violate various moral standards, which find their source in the ethical teachings of Jesus. In addition, Pliny's reference to the Christian custom of sharing a common meal likely alludes to their observance of communion and the "love feast."{12} This interpretation helps explain the Christian claim that the meal was merely food of an ordinary and innocent kind. They were attempting to counter the charge, sometimes made by non-Christians, of practicing "ritual cannibalism."{13} The Christians of that day humbly repudiated such slanderous attacks on Jesus' teachings. We must sometimes do the same today.

Evidence from Josephus

Perhaps the most remarkable reference to Jesus outside the Bible can be found in the writings of Josephus, a first century Jewish historian. On two occasions, in his Jewish Antiquities, he mentions Jesus. The second, less revealing, reference describes the condemnation of one "James" by the Jewish Sanhedrin. This James, says Josephus, was "the brother of Jesus the so-called Christ."{14} F.F. Bruce points out how this agrees with Paul's description of James in Galatians 1:19 as "the Lord's brother."{15}And Edwin Yamauchi informs us that "few scholars have questioned" that Josephus actually penned this passage.{16}
As interesting as this brief reference is, there is an earlier one, which is truly astonishing. Called the "Testimonium Flavianum," the relevant portion declares:
About this time there lived Jesus, a wise man, if indeed one ought to call him a man. For he . . . wrought surprising feats. . . . He was the Christ. When Pilate . . .condemned him to be crucified, those who had . . . come to love him did not give up their affection for him. On the third day he appeared . . . restored to life. . . . And the tribe of Christians . . . has . . . not disappeared.{17}
Did Josephus really write this? Most scholars think the core of the passage originated with Josephus, but that it was later altered by a Christian editor, possibly between the third and fourth century A.D.{18} But why do they think it was altered? Josephus was not a Christian, and it is difficult to believe that anyone but a Christian would have made some of these statements.{19}
For instance, the claim that Jesus was a wise man seems authentic, but the qualifying phrase, "if indeed one ought to call him a man," is suspect. It implies that Jesus was more than human, and it is quite unlikely that Josephus would have said that! It is also difficult to believe he would have flatly asserted that Jesus was the Christ, especially when he later refers to Jesus as "the so-called" Christ. Finally, the claim that on the third day Jesus appeared to His disciples restored to life, inasmuch as it affirms Jesus' resurrection, is quite unlikely to come from a non-Christian!
But even if we disregard the questionable parts of this passage, we are still left with a good deal of corroborating information about the biblical Jesus. We read that he was a wise man who performed surprising feats. And although He was crucified under Pilate, His followers continued their discipleship and became known as Christians. When we combine these statements with Josephus' later reference to Jesus as "the so-called Christ," a rather detailed picture emerges which harmonizes quite well with the biblical record. It increasingly appears that the "biblical Jesus" and the "historical Jesus" are one and the same!

Evidence from the Babylonian Talmud

There are only a few clear references to Jesus in the Babylonian Talmud, a collection of Jewish rabbinical writings compiled between approximately A.D. 70-500. Given this time frame, it is naturally supposed that earlier references to Jesus are more likely to be historically reliable than later ones. In the case of the Talmud, the earliest period of compilation occurred between A.D. 70-200.{20} The most significant reference to Jesus from this period states:
On the eve of the Passover Yeshu was hanged. For forty days before the execution took place, a herald . . . cried, "He is going forth to be stoned because he has practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy."{21}
Let's examine this passage. You may have noticed that it refers to someone named "Yeshu." So why do we think this is Jesus? Actually, "Yeshu" (or "Yeshua") is how Jesus' name is pronounced in Hebrew. But what does the passage mean by saying that Jesus "was hanged"? Doesn't the New Testament say he was crucified? Indeed it does. But the term "hanged" can function as a synonym for "crucified." For instance, Galatians 3:13 declares that Christ was "hanged", and Luke 23:39 applies this term to the criminals who were crucified with Jesus.{22} So the Talmud declares that Jesus was crucified on the eve of Passover. But what of the cry of the herald that Jesus was to be stoned? This may simply indicate what the Jewish leaders were planning to do.{23} If so, Roman involvement changed their plans!{24}
The passage also tells us why Jesus was crucified. It claims He practiced sorcery and enticed Israel to apostasy! Since this accusation comes from a rather hostile source, we should not be too surprised if Jesus is described somewhat differently than in the New Testament. But if we make allowances for this, what might such charges implyabout Jesus?
Interestingly, both accusations have close parallels in the canonical gospels. For instance, the charge of sorcery is similar to the Pharisees' accusation that Jesus cast out demons "by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons."{25} But notice this: such a charge actually tends to confirm the New Testament claim that Jesus performed miraculous feats. Apparently Jesus' miracles were too well attested to deny. The only alternative was to ascribe them to sorcery! Likewise, the charge of enticing Israel to apostasy parallels Luke's account of the Jewish leaders who accused Jesus of misleading the nation with his teaching.{26} Such a charge tends to corroborate the New Testament record of Jesus' powerful teaching ministry. Thus, if read carefully, this passage from the Talmud confirms much of our knowledge about Jesus from the New Testament.

Evidence from Lucian

Lucian of Samosata was a second century Greek satirist. In one of his works, he wrote of the early Christians as follows:
The Christians . . . worship a man to this day--the distinguished personage who introduced their novel rites, and was crucified on that account. . . . [It] was impressed on them by their original lawgiver that they are all brothers, from the moment that they are converted, and deny the gods of Greece, and worship the crucified sage, and live after his laws.{27}
Although Lucian is jesting here at the early Christians, he does make some significant comments about their founder. For instance, he says the Christians worshipped aman, "who introduced their novel rites." And though this man's followers clearly thought quite highly of Him, He so angered many of His contemporaries with His teaching that He "was crucified on that account."
Although Lucian does not mention his name, he is clearly referring to Jesus. But what did Jesus teach to arouse such wrath? According to Lucian, he taught that all men are brothers from the moment of their conversion. That's harmless enough. But what did this conversion involve? It involved denying the Greek gods, worshipping Jesus, and living according to His teachings. It's not too difficult to imagine someone being killed for teaching that. Though Lucian doesn't say so explicitly, the Christian denial of other gods combined with their worship of Jesus implies the belief that Jesus was more than human. Since they denied other gods in order to worship Him, they apparently thought Jesus a greater God than any that Greece had to offer!
Let's summarize what we've learned about Jesus from this examination of ancient non-Christian sources. First, both Josephus and Lucian indicate that Jesus was regarded as wise. Second, Pliny, the Talmud, and Lucian imply He was a powerful and revered teacher. Third, both Josephus and the Talmud indicate He performed miraculous feats. Fourth, Tacitus, Josephus, the Talmud, and Lucian all mention that He was crucified. Tacitus and Josephus say this occurred under Pontius Pilate. And the Talmud declares it happened on the eve of Passover. Fifth, there are possible references to the Christian belief in Jesus' resurrection in both Tacitus and Josephus. Sixth, Josephus records that Jesus' followers believed He was the Christ, or Messiah. And finally, both Pliny and Lucian indicate that Christians worshipped Jesus as God!
I hope you see how this small selection of ancient non-Christian sources helps corroborate our knowledge of Jesus from the gospels. Of course, there are many ancient Christian sources of information about Jesus as well. But since the historical reliability of the canonical gospels is so well established, I invite you to read those for an authoritative "life of Jesus!"
Notes
1. F. F. Bruce, Jesus and Christian Origins Outside the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1974), 13.
2. Ibid.
3. Ibid.
4. Edwin Yamauchi, quoted in Lee Strobel, The Case for Christ (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1998), 82.
5. Tacitus, Annals 15.44, cited in Strobel, The Case for Christ, 82.
6. N.D. Anderson, Christianity: The Witness of History (London: Tyndale, 1969), 19, cited in Gary R. Habermas, The Historical Jesus (Joplin, Missouri: College Press Publishing Company, 1996), 189-190.
7. Edwin Yamauchi, cited in Strobel, The Case for Christ, 82.
8. Pliny, Epistles x. 96, cited in Bruce, Christian Origins, 25; Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 198.
9. Ibid., 27.
10. Pliny, Letters, transl. by William Melmoth, rev. by W.M.L. Hutchinson (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1935), vol. II, X:96, cited in Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 199.
11. M. Harris, "References to Jesus in Early Classical Authors," in Gospel Perspectives V, 354-55, cited in E. Yamauchi, "Jesus Outside the New Testament: What is the Evidence?", in Jesus Under Fire, ed. by Michael J. Wilkins and J.P. Moreland (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1995), p. 227, note 66.
12. Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 199.
13. Bruce, Christian Origins, 28.
14. Josephus, Antiquities xx. 200, cited in Bruce, Christian Origins, 36.
15. Ibid.
16. Yamauchi, "Jesus Outside the New Testament", 212.
17. Josephus, Antiquities 18.63-64, cited in Yamauchi, "Jesus Outside the New Testament", 212.
18. Ibid.
19. Although time would not permit me to mention it on the radio, another version of Josephus' "Testimonium Flavianum" survives in a tenth-century Arabic version (Bruce,Christian Origins, 41). In 1971, Professor Schlomo Pines published a study on this passage. The passage is interesting because it lacks most of the questionable elements that many scholars believe to be Christian interpolations. Indeed, "as Schlomo Pines and David Flusser...stated, it is quite plausible that none of the arguments against Josephus writing the original words even applies to the Arabic text, especially since the latter would have had less chance of being censored by the church" (Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 194). The passage reads as follows: "At this time there was a wise man who was called Jesus. His conduct was good and (he) was known to be virtuous. And many people from among the Jews and the other nations became his disciples. Pilate condemned him to be crucified and to die. But those who had become his disciples did not abandon his discipleship. They reported that he had appeared to them three days after his crucifixion, and that he was alive; accordingly he was perhaps the Messiah, concerning whom the prophets have recounted wonders." (Quoted in James H. Charlesworth, Jesus Within Judaism, (Garden City: Doubleday, 1988), 95, cited in Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 194).
20. Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 202-03.
21. The Babylonian Talmud, transl. by I. Epstein (London: Soncino, 1935), vol. III, Sanhedrin 43a, 281, cited in Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 203.
22. Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 203.
23. See John 8:58-59 and 10:31-33.
24. Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 204. See also John 18:31-32.
25. Matt. 12:24. I gleaned this observation from Bruce, Christian Origins, 56.
26. Luke 23:2, 5.
27. Lucian, The Death of Peregrine, 11-13, in The Works of Lucian of Samosata, transl. by H.W. Fowler and F.G. Fowler, 4 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1949), vol. 4., cited in Habermas, The Historical Jesus, 206.
©2001 Probe Ministries.